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Black Oxford Apple

Unknown parentage, seedling discovered on a farm in Paris, Maine, about 1790.


planted 2002

on Antonovka rootstock



Black Oxford apple tree in snow

Four decades of Growing Good Food in the Northwoods of Michigan's Upper Peninsula
Down to Earth Information, Experiences, Thoughts

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Black Oxford










2002 - a New Tree

It had a significant Z shape bend between root and trunk, and halfway up the trunk, and I debated - plant the roots at an angle to 'straighten' the trunk somewhat (in relation to the ground anyway), or plant it as it grew and let it be? I chose the later, concerned that burying half the roots too deep might not be a good idea. Now I rather wish I'd selected a third choice - plant "as is" at the appropriate depth but put a sturdy stake beside it and straighten the trunk as much as it would. But it was allowed to grow as it wanted and turned out just fine with some selective pruning to encourage an easier shape (for me - I doubt that it cared one way or the other!).

I really don't mind the shape, and once it was full grown I didn't have to struggle with getting a hardware cloth cage around the angled trunk. Now it's just interesting. It wants to be a 'lollipop' shape of its own design and I simply try to keep it open enough for good air circulation and healthy fruit. Now in its 'teen' years it's a moderate sized tree (on standard Antonovka rootstock) and healthy. It was a bit slow to come into production (14 years!) which could have been the result of early corrective pruning and spring frosts. But we like the fruit, I like the tree, and I'm glad it joined our family.

2020 - An Off Year - for fruit but the tree continues healthy. Pruned quite a bit mid April, really opened up. Looks good.

Black Oxford apples stored2019 - Surprisingly Good Harvest - There is something about the fruit and the tree that simply doesn't show the quantity of apples in the tree mid summer. I knew there were apples but assumed it to be a light crop, so I didn't bother to thin the fruit. When fall came and the apples ripening I realized the tree was quite full. Unfortunately, many were on the small size but it looked pretty good anyway. I have made a large, red note in my orchard notebook - Next Year THIN! This is one tree that needs its fruit thinned out if one wants larger apples, especially since it is by nature rather a smaller apple. If the fruit is going to cider or processed applesauce it doesn't matter so much. But for fresh sauce (cut up by hand not put through a strainer or food processor) or fresh eating at least a medium size is preferred, and larger is quite welcome.

Mid October the forecast was for temperatures in the low 20's. I know BlOx is a pretty hardy apple but thought that might be a bit low for it. The bird population here has been quite light this year and I'd noticed little to no bird damage so I wasn't in a real hurry to harvest. The root cellar was still quite warm. But I knew those temps on a clear night could easily dip into the teens. So I set to harvesting, a quite enjoyable task. To my surprise I filled 4 half bushel baskets - 97# total. Wow!! Sizes were mixed, small to medium, probably more smalls, but they looked good.

I left the smallest fruit on the tree to see how they would do as it got colder. 24 deg they were fine, 20 deg and they were still good (as was a juicier Dudley). They are hardier than I thought. Then it dropped to 3 deg (welcome to November!). Well, not surprisingly that did them in. 

They are just mildly sweet, a bit dry and quite solid firm at this point (early November), but they'll get better in storage. I'm planning to store these for later eating, and for applesauce. We still have plenty of Dudleys right now and a few other odds and ends of eating apples in the root cellar so no hurry for the BlOx's. The Haralsons, a juicier and zingier apple, should be sweetening up soon (they are quite tart when first harvested) so will be ready for fresh eating. Then the BlOx's. This year, finally, there are plenty to store so I'll be able to find out just how long they will keep and be good eating. What a beautiful and happy harvest.

Mid December update - I sorted the apples and found a lot of bitter pit damage, something that didn't show up very  much earlier on these dark skinned apples. This is a defect that causes round dark spots on the skin with corking underneath. It's easy to cut out if not too extensive but it does appear to limit the storage life of the fruit. I've made a note to be sure to spread wood ashes under the BlOx tree next spring. About 60% of the apples were getting a little rubbery and/or had significant bitter pit so they are the first to be made into sauce (half now, half later). But a good portion are still quite firm and good eating. There are cutup apples on the table daily for snacking. Our cellar is about 40 degrees now.

UPDATE: Mid March - we ate the last apple - still good! I eeked them out as best I could but that's it for this season. Looking forward to the 2020 harvest!

     2018 - an 'Off" Year for fruit but a good growing year for the tree with the long hot summer and moderate pruning. I did more pulling down of branches to horizontal than pruning, keeping the height down. We did get a dozen apples, picked the end of September because a bluejay was helping himself. I had wanted to let them hang for another month as they weren't at the peak of ripeness yet. But certainly edible, I appreciated the off-season harvest even though small..

2017 October 3 - Better Than Expected Harvest

Black Oxford apple treeI harvested my Black Oxford apples today. I knew there were apples on the tree but I didn't think there were many and made a note to thin more next year as it appeared most of the apples were on the small size. The BlOx's are a subtle apple, darker with a slight bloom, not large and bright like neighbor Dudley, though they shine up to a special glow. A few damaged fruits had dropped so I figured it might be time. I wanted to pick them early at the just barely ripe or slightly before stage so they will store well. These are to be our fall/early winter fresh eating apples . Last year we ate the last one of our small first, bird damaged harvest the end of November. This would be the second harvest and I was hoping for more this time. We hadn't had any bluejays partying in our apples this year, for which I was very thankful.  Black Oxford apple

I got my cloth bag, hung it around my neck for picking into, hauled out the ladder, a basket for the good apples, a large bucket for the semi-good for cider, and a smaller one for the compost apples. Then I really looked at the apples on the tree. Hey, there are quite a few apples here! And they look much better than I had thought, previously only glancing at the tree as I went by and seeing only small fruit. I was wrong. I settled into picking, most of them within reach from the ground. One by one I picked nice apples, nice sized, healthy, amazed and admiring each one, carefully placing them in the bag, then transferring them to the basket. It was a beautiful day to pick beautiful apples and I took my time, enjoying every minute of it and every apple I picked. It seems I'm too often in a hurry to get a job done and on to something else, but not this time. I'm learning to enjoy the moments.

Black Oxford Fruit basketWhen I was done I had 17# of almost all nice apples, mostly of medium size. It wasn't a maximum harvest but it was certainly respectable, almost twice last year's. Very few had insect or skin damage. Only a handful went into the compost pile, and none for the cider bucket. I left a dozen or so small apples on the tree for later off-the-tree snacking. There isn't much fresh fruit to nibble on when in the garden/orchard this time of year . BlOx's are fairly hard and crisp at this point with just a hint of sweet, little to no tart, on the dry side but enough juice to be pleasant. In a month or so they'll be sweeter and less firm. I really like them but Steve prefers a juicier apple. Unfortunately, we won't have any juicier apples later since the Dudley's, our only other apple of any volume this year, don't keep long, maybe a month before getting soft. Our root cellar isn't very cold yet but I'm hoping the BlOx's will keep well anyway. Meantime, I sure appreciate this second year of harvest of almost a half bushel of well admired and appreciated apples.

update: Mid December some were feeling a little rubbery but others were still firm. Very good eating, sweetening as they aged. Dec. 23 we ate the next to last one. Still good. I saved that last one for my birthday, Jan. 17. It was still good, firm, mild and tasty, and thoroughly enjoyed. Looking forward to next year's harvest!

2016 November 26 - The Last Apple of the First Harvest

Black Oxford FruitToday we ate our last stored Black Oxford apple. It was wonderful. A little rubbery due to (1) having been picked too early, the end of Sept., thanks to a marauding flock of bluejays that came through and did their best to devour the crop before I got to them, and (2) an unusually warm fall so that our root cellar didn’t cool down until just a few weeks ago. But the flavor was Just Right -- not too dry, not too juicy, just enough sweet, just enough tart. Great for slicing up and leaving out on the table for pass-by snacking.

This year was the first harvest from this tree (not counting the one apple it produced last year). It wasn’t a large crop, about 10#, but every apple (even the ones half eaten by the jays) wereBlack Oxford tree very much appreciated. The fruit ranged from small to medium size (the one in the photo was the largest) and while they weren’t free from insect damage it wasn’t significant. Nice, firm, mildly sweet, mildly juicy with somewhat tough beautiful dark maroon skin, the fruit was healthy and good to have.

The tree was planted in 2002, purchased from Fedco. Unfortunately it wasn’t the best formed little tree and I didn’t help any with my pruning decisions over the years. I think that is why it was so long to bear fruit. But it looks nice now (if one doesn’t mind the strongly angled trunk) and seems to be happy. I know I am! I really like this apple and look forward to future harvests. Hopefully, next time I can let the fruit mature on the tree a little longer before picking.

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Have you read  "Frost Dancing - Tips from a Northern Gardener" ? A fun short read.

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and "Growing Berries for Food and Fun"   A journey you can use in your own garden.

updated 10/06/2019

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